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Geo-harmonizer project outputs

Implementation plan 2020–2022.

Geo-harmonizer project has 20 outputs, which are linked with the project milestones.


1.a: Generic software package (working name “eudata”) as library or package in Python, GRASS GIS, QGIS, R and similar.

Detailed specifications:

A generic R package which wraps together functions for automated mapping, harmonization and generation of predictions using EO raster layers. Package functions include:

  • Standard legends and metadata for the project outputs (i.e. land cover legends, environmental quality indicators etc),
  • Automated harmonization/conversion of data,
  • Easy access (for developers) to all layers produced by the Geo-harmonizer project (PostGIS DBs and Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFF),
  • Optimized spatial overlay, Ensemble Machine Learning and prediction,
  • Automated generation of mosaics and export of data,
  • Tutorials for basic users and advanced developers,

Output type:

Software package

Delivery date:

30.9.2020

Output leader/partners: 

MultiOne / CTU, mundialis

Delivery format:

Package on GitLab with installation instructions.

Notes:

The package will be largely based on the “landmap” package and the other similar “data” packages in R (e.g. “bcdata”). The functions could also be released as library or package in Python, GRASS GIS (Neteler et al., 2013; Gebbert et al., 2019), QGIS and similar.

 

1.b: Complete documentation and tutorials for basic users and advanced developers.

Detailed specifications:

The user manuals / tutorials will be developed that will focus on:

  • How to access data (for non-experts),
  • How to use data for analysis and decision making (i.e. software package tutorial) 
  • How to use the REST API,
  • How to get support and recommend additions / changes,

Output type:

Web content

Delivery date:

30.9.2021

Output leader/partners: 

OpenGeoHub / CTU

Delivery format:

Online tutorials (wiki’s) including code tutorials on the project website (geoharmonizer.opendatascience.eu) and on the GitLab homepage.

Notes:

The initial version of tutorials should at least show how to load and use the input layers. Once all the final added maps are produced they can be also added.

 

2.a: Fully functional metadata-catalogue.

Detailed specifications:

The metadata catalogue covers the following tasks

  • Standardized metadata-service (OGC CSW) 
  • Standardized metadata profile (based on ISO 19115) 
  • Easy to use interface for search and access of data provided by the Geo-harmonizer platform

Output type:

Website

Delivery date:

1.6.2020

Output leader/partners:  

mundialis / CTU

Delivery format:

Access via: https://data.opendatascience.eu/geonetwork

Notes:

It is likely that the structure of the metadata-profile will change during the project.

 

2.b: Commonly evaluated list of identified Open Data Sources for Geo-harmonizer.

Detailed specifications:

The overall objective of this task is to search, review and assess existing land cover products, environmental quality maps, climate change indicators, and potential natural vegetation maps as related to the Geo-harmonizer project. 

Output type:

Report / web-content for the website

Delivery date:

31.10.2020

Output leader/partners: 

CTU / mundialis, OpenGeoHub

Delivery format:

Report and a web-page

Notes:

The assessment shall focus also on uncertainty indicators (see e.g. Merchant et al., 2017).

 

2.c: A complete comprehensive geodatabase with all layers imported and documented.

Detailed specifications:

All input layers required to produce value added maps (M5-M9) will be prepared and served to all project partners via cloud-optimised geo-TIFF images (served via geoserver), point and line data will be served via postgreSQL (PostGIS). The geo-database should include the following folders:

  • OpenStreetMap: snapshot of the OSM layers (vectors) for EU,
  • Copernicus DEM - Global and European Digital Elevation Model for Europe,
  • Copernicus/EEA layers 100 m: automatically downloaded (synced) and stacked to the same grid (bounding box, coordinate system, pixel size) layers responding to the target resolution of 100 m,
  • Copernicus/EEA layers 20 m: automatically downloaded (synced) and stacked layers (where necessary downscaled/upscaled to 30 m),
  • EO Sentinel 1/2 and Landsat 6/7/8 layers 30 m: cloud-free mosaics (2000–2020) produced via the DIAS infrastructure or similar and using the 25% quantile and interquantile range (IQR) parameters,
  • Copernicus / Vito products: including CORINE land cover and similar,
  • Other: other layers generated from global or regional projects such as the Global Surface Water Watch, Global Forest Watch and similar.

Output type:

Database

Delivery date:

31.12.2020

Output leader/partners: 

OpenGeoHub / mundialis

Delivery format:

  • For point data sets (training points) and lines: PostGIS DB,
  • For complete spatial layers (rasters): Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFF,

Notes:

Cloud-Optimized GeoTIFF is ideal for serving data through REST API (spatial queries) but also for visualization of data (Lehto et al., 2019). This deliverable will be mainly inspired by the USGS TNM and OpenLandMap.org viewer.

 

3.a: OpenStreetMap+.

Detailed specifications:

“OpenStreetMap+” is imagine as an improved spatially consistent and complete version of the OpenStreetMap with especial emphasis on:

  • Land use classes being consistent and complete for the whole area,
  • OSM-based density of green/protected areas (data digitized by citizens and not available at EEA),
  • Administrative boundaries, transportation infrastructure (Veeckman et al., 2017) matching the open national maps (ensemble merge) i.e. no border problems or artifacts,

Output type:

Dataset

Delivery date:

1.3.2021 

Output leader/partners: 

OpenGeoHub / mundialis

Delivery format:

Land use classes will be delivered as GeoTIFFs at resolution 30 m. Vector layers such as lines and points will be delivered as PostGIS layers and served openly through OGC standards.

Notes:

 

 

3.b:  Seamless continental Europe land cover time series at 30 m resolution.

Detailed specifications:

All EU land cover products (including all versions of CORINE land cover; European Space Agency, CCI Data Standards, 2018) combined with Sentinel, and Landsat EO products to produce a seamless and harmonized land cover map of continental Europe. The product should include (all at 30 m spatial resolution):

  • Hard-class map of the land cover per year for period 2000–2020, 
  • probability maps per land cover class, 
  • model errors (predicted uncertainty) per land cover class,
  • accuracy assessment report and comparison using finer resolution local data sets.

Output type:

Dataset

Delivery date:

1.3.2021

Output leader/partners: 

CTU / OpenGeoHub, Terrasigna

Delivery format:

Land cover classes, class probabilities and model errors, will be delivered as GeoTIFFs at resolution 30 m. 

Notes:

 

 

3.c: Seamless environmental quality maps, climate change indicators, and potential natural vegetation maps.

Detailed specifications:

The Seamless continental Europe environmental quality maps should include:

  • Air quality maps: e.g. PM2.5 based on automated mapping using Machine Learning, MODIS data and other auxiliary (meteorological) data,
  • Maps of soil nutrients including heavy metals at 30 m: i.e. a more detailed version of the soil property maps produced by JRC (Ballabio et al., 2019),

The climate change indicators should include:

  • Long-term trends 2000-2020 in temperatures based on MODIS LST products (Metz et al., 2017), 
  • Rainfall images (2000-2020; e.g. based on Brocca et al., 2013; 2019), 
  • Flood events images (2000-2020),
  • Fires (2000-2020), (Lizundia-Loiola et al., 2018), 

Detailed map of potential natural vegetation. This should include:

  • PNV hard-class map based on the CORINE land cover classes at 30 m spatial resolution for years 2000 and 2020,
  • PNV maps showing probability maps for the EU forest tree species (76; see: San-Miguel-Ayanz et al. 2016) with model errors (uncertainty),

Output type:

Datasets

Delivery date:

1.6.2021

Output leader/partners: 

OpenGeoHub / mundialis, Terrasigna

Delivery format:

All datasets will be delivered as GeoTIFFs and grids to match all other products.

Notes:

 

 

4.a: Geo-harmonizer Geodata-portal with Integrated Metadata catalogue with thorough documentation.

Detailed specifications:

The newly produced Geo-harmonizer data sets will be distributed via a web-mapping data portal. This should allow for:

  • Easy searching / browsing of layers,
  • Viewing layers including multiple layers at the same time,
  • Metadata functionality,
  • Download functionality,

Output type:

Website

Delivery date:

1.6.2021

Output leader/partners: 

OpenGeoHub / mundialis

Delivery format:

Specialized server for serving the data and based on Open Source software (CouchDB, AngularJS and OpenLayers, Geoserver, GDAL, R and OGC web mapping services).

REST API service will also be installed that allows developers to harvest data more efficiently.

Standardized interface and user-interface, that allow to search, browse and identify geodata sets based on their metadata. 

Notes:

The data portal would build upon, as much as possible, on the OpenLandMap system (https://openlandmap.org) and the USGS TNM.

 

4.b: GeoServer-Extension that allows to publish actinia processed geodata directly as OGC compliant service.

Detailed specifications:

GeoServer extension implementing actinia/GRASS GIS as a data store. This extension should allow to automatically publish newly processed geodata, that is created through the mechanisms developed in this project, as OGC compliant WM-service.

Output type:

Software component

Delivery date:

1.6.2021

Output leader/partners: 

mundialis / CTU

Delivery format:

Standardized OGC WMS interface

Notes:

Depending on the format and content of the data and also on the business model, it may be that the extension also creates WFS and/or WCS services (Růžička, 2016).

 

4.c: OGC compliant and high performant OGC-services as well as its metadata.

Detailed specifications:

Operational OGC OWS services for available geospatial data layers imported into database.

Output type:

Software component

Delivery date:

31.12.2021

Output leader/partners: 

CTU / mundialis

Delivery format:

Software

Notes:

 

 

5.a: Standardized 3D services, integrated into the metadata catalogue.

Detailed specifications:

The output is 3D GIS visualizations based on the available map products developed in A3. This should allow users to interact with data and detect / understand spatial and spatiotemporal connections otherwise not visible in 2D.

Output type:

Website / Software component

Delivery date:

1.10.2021

Output leader/partners: 

Terrasigna / CTU

Delivery format:

Software

Notes:

Focus will be put on affordable devices i.e. that can be obtained for few hundred dollars and then can potentially attract a younger audience (an intelligent addition/replacement to their gaming culture).

 

5.b: 3D web visualization integrated into the Geo-harmoniser geo-portal.

Detailed specifications:

Implementation of a 3D GIS prototype into the Geo-harmonizer data portal that will allow an interactive 3D exploration by the user for the newly created map products and testing.

Output type:

Website / Software component

Delivery date:

31.10.2021

Output leader/partners: 

Terrasigna / mundialis

Delivery format:

website

Notes:

 

 

5.c: Prototype Virtual Reality application & Prototype Augmented Reality application.

Detailed specifications:

Set of software/hardware/applications/plugins for development compact applications for VR and AR. 

Output type:

Workshop / Report

Delivery date:

31.12.2021

Output leader/partners: 

CTU / Terrasigna

Delivery format:

Software 

Notes:

 

 

6.a: Business model/sustainability plan for post-2021 period.

Detailed specifications:

Outline of a business plan that would allow the maintenance and further development of the Geo-harmonizer product, post 2022 including: 

  • User segmentation report
  • Use case initial developments based on user profiling
  • List of contacts of potential users for the Geo-harmonizer products 
  • The quality assessment reports of the Geo-harmonizer map products
  • Assessment of the European market for the Geo-harmonizer products
  • Estimation of investment and return for the Geo-harmonizer map products

Output type:

Report

Delivery date:

30.5.2022

Output leader/partners: 

Terrasigna / mundialis

Delivery format:

Executive summary of the business model documentations (e.g. European market assessment) available on website

Notes:

 

 

6.b: Identified use cases & potential beneficiary areas.

Detailed specifications:

Use case developments based on user profiling. 

Output type:

Tabular form, Report annex

Delivery date:

31.3.2022

Output leader/partners: 

CTU / mundialis, Terrasigna

Delivery format:

Report 

Notes:

 

 

6.c: Best practices guidelines for each selected functional prototype.

Detailed specifications:

For each Geo-harmonizer map product a series of potential users have been identified and approach — a guideline report will summarise the interactions and their developments. 

Output type:

Guidelines

Delivery date:

31.3.2022

Output leader/partners: 

Terrasigna / mundialis

Delivery format:

Executive summary on the documentation for each followed-up use case.

Notes:

 

 

7.a: Dissemination and engagement pathways established, utilised and impact monitored for feedback into sustainability planning.

Detailed specifications:

A user engagement strategy coupled with a dissemination one  will be defined based on the specificity of the Geo-harmonizer products. 

Output type:

Report / Annex

Delivery date:

1.11.2020

Output leader/partners: 

Terrasigna / OpenGeoHub

Delivery format:

Blog entry/website

Notes:

For this project it is important that the data is used hence we will carefully follow the web-traffic of all public data repositories and browser, and then provide public feedback. Feedback will be used to improve functionality and usability of the components.

 

7.b: A maximum of 3 summer schools/training sessions within the EU.

Detailed specifications:

The user manuals / tutorials will be developed that will focus on:

  • How to access data (for non-experts),
  • How to use data for analysis and decision making (package and the REST API tutorial),
  • How to get support and recommend additions / changes,

Output type:

Training / Workshops

Delivery date:

30.6.2022

Output leader/partners: 

OpenGeoHub / CTU, Terrasigna

Delivery format:

Workshops organized jointly by the beneficiaries.

On-line tutorials (wiki’s) including code tutorials on the project website (opendatascience.eu) and on the GitLab homepage.

Notes:

Tutorials should also include video tutorials including recorded lectures (including via the OpenGeoHub Summer School and similar). 

 

7.c: A minimum of 3 co-development sessions with one from each of the following priority directions: climate, protection of the environment, sustainable use of resources.

Detailed specifications:

Workshops (3–5 days) for developers (coding sessions) and 2 online tutorials for non-professionals (could be as video materials on youtube). 

Output type:

Training / Workshop

Delivery date:

31.12.2021

Output leader/partners: 

mundialis / Terrasigna

Delivery format:

Workshop material and workshops held.

Notes:

 

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